Parola Tank Museum

Entrance to Parola Tank Museum with anti-tank artillery everywhere

An introduction
The PAROLA TANK MUSEUM (Panssarimuseo) in Hameenlinna, 100 kilometres northeast of Helsinki, has a reputation as a tank enthusiast’s dream, boasting over 50 tanks and armored vehicles.

On the day I visited, as I walked down the steep driveway I saw a dense billowing cloud of smoke and heard the clatter and screech of metal treads. My timing was impeccable. As I turned the corner I saw a rampaging Russian ATS-59 medium artillery tractor from the Cold War-era rolling vigorously over a mid-sized car as it made loud crunching, cracking and popping sounds.
When the hapless car was well and truly flattened, the artillery tractor crew jumped out laughing, patted each other on the back for a job well done, and adjourned to the museum restaurant — leaving the artillery tractor on top of the crushed vehicle.

The museum
The indoor tank museum was opened in 1961 and about two dozen tanks are crammed into its medium-size rooms. The front and turret armor of a Finnish (formerly Soviet) T-54 is cut away for training purposes, revealing its machinery. Soviet BA-10 and BA-20M armored cars stand next to each other — booty captured from the Soviets that was used by the Finns for patrols during the Winter War and eventually used by the Army and Police forces until 1959.

The oldest tank in the museum, a Finnish Renault FT-1917, was acquired in 1919. Obsolete by the early 1930s, it was used as a fixed-gun emplacement. Amongst the other tanks inside are a Soviet T-20, T-26, T-54 and a German Stu 49 Ausf G. A British Comet Mk I Model B stands against one wall, next to a Soviet T-34/85, and a Swedish Landsverk Anti II-AA-tank with Bofors 40mm auto-cannon.

This perfectly arranged line-up of tanks is a typical scene at Parola Tank Museum

Outside, dozens of tanks are lined up on three long green grass embankments, facing the museum buildings as if to fire a salvo. Propped up on large concrete blocks, the tanks represent an impressive collection: armor from Russia, France, Britain, United States, Finland, Sweden and Germany, plus the odd NATO discard.

There’s the ubiquitous M4A1 Sherman tank, of course, and modern Soviet manufactured BMP-1 armored personnel carrier standing just outside the museum. Nearby is a Finnish AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle) 8×8 AMOS (Advanced Mortar System) wheeled vehicle looking like it just rolled off the production line.

The Soviet tank collection is especially impressive: T-26, T-28, KV-1E, T-34, T-34/85, T-50, T-60, T-70, ISU-152, and sometimes more than one model of each. Most were captured from the Soviets during the Winter War or during WWII and used against their former owners. The Soviet ISU-152, for example, was one of two captured in Portinhoikka in June 1944. Other tanks captured by the Finns and used against their former owners include a Soviet KV-1, KV-1E, (both captured in 1942), a T-35/85 (captured in 1944), and a Soviet T-26C (captured during the Winter War).

Some of these tanks still bear nasty gouges from direct hits on their front armor, front plate and turret.

The German Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf. J has an interesting history. During the summer of 1944 Finland bought 15 of these tanks, and was supposed to have purchased more. However, Finland’s reversal of allies by suddenly declaring war against Germany led to the Lapland War against them. Naturally the Germans ended further deliveries. Ironically, the 15 Panzerkampfwagen IVs were used against their German suppliers.

The two German Sturmgeschutz 40 Ausf. G were bought by Finland in 1943. They took part in the decisive battles in the Karelian Isthmus in 1944, destroying several enemy tanks during the summer battles. The sand-colored Stu III is restored to its original color scheme and markings.

This magnificent armored train was captured from the Russians and used by the Finns to protect rail transports and stations.At the top of the hill, the Finnish Armored Train stretches for 100 meters between two rows of tall thin pine trees. This awesome sight is the museum’s centerpiece — I’ve been to a tank museum or three, and this is one of the most impressive displays I’ve seen. Modified after being captured from the Russians in 1918, it served as a mobile artillery platform during the Winter War. It’s a fearsome sight, with gun carriages protected by thick steel plates and muzzles protruding from gun ports. Lethal looking turrets bristle with cannon and ma-chine guns atop the cars. The camouflage completes the authentic effect.

The Parola Tank Museum is superb, all the more appealing because of its park-like setting with trees spread around the grounds. The museum’s mission is “to gather and exhibit the history of the Finnish armored and anti-tank defense forces and illustrate the development of armored fighting vehicles from 1917 on.” I’d say it delivers, and then some.

The PAROLA TANK MUSEUM (Hattulantie 334, POB 31, 13721 Parola, Finland; phone [040] 5681 186, is open 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. daily from May to Sept. 30; and 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. daily from October through March (closed on June 25 and during Christmas week).

Admission for adults is €6; seniors, €5.50; children (6-15 years), €3, and families (two adults and children of the family) €13. Please check the website for the most up to date information.